Trolls A Guide to Spotting Them in the Land of Fire and Ice (2024)

Iceland is a place of great natural beauty and ancient culture. This includes the various creatures, beings, and monsters that supposedly share the land with humans. One of those is trolls. You probably won't see a troll on your trip, but it's fun to go troll hunting and, perhaps, use it as an excuse to see all kinds of cool things.

What Is a Troll?

We're not talking about somebody who leaves annoying anonymous insults in the comments section. Icelandic trolls also don't typically live under bridges. Trolls are sometimes, but not always, conflated with giants.

Trolls are basically large, dumb, and often angry beings that live in mountain caves and will do you a lot of harm if you annoy them. They can cast spells, and they are fond of eating human flesh. Especially children. In the past, Icelandic children would be told to behave, or the troll would get them. Likely, the legends were also used to discourage children from wandering too far or going into unsafe caves. Some troll stories, however, have trolls who are kind and wise, and doing a good deed for a troll may well earn you a fortune.

A female troll is called a skessa. Trolls are not portrayed as particularly physically attractive.

Finally, trolls can only travel at night. When dawn comes, they had better be back in their caves, or they turn to stone. This has historically been used to explain strange rock formations. They're all trolls who lost track of time and were caught out by the sun, typically while engaging in some nefarious activity.

If you're thinking this all sounds very Lord of the Rings, Tolkien's trolls were based on the Icelandic legend as, in many ways, were his elves.

Where Might You Go to See Trolls?

Trolls are mythical. But rock formations said to be petrified trolls are not. Here are some places you can go to to see these wonderful formations and find out about the stories behind them.

Reynisdrangar Cliffs

Trolls A Guide to Spotting Them in the Land of Fire and Ice (1)The easiest way to see the stacks of rocks is from the shore at Reynisfjara.

If you are driving the ring road, Reynisdrangar is a stop worth making. These impressive formations rise out of the sea under imposing sea cliffs. And, yes, they are also petrified trolls. In this case, though, they weren't peaceful lovers. They waded to sea to capture a ship and eat the sailors (and likely their supplies). The same refrain here. They lost track of time and got turned to stone in the water. The ship, presumably, escaped. One has to wonder if this was a tale told by an embarrassed captain who nearly sailed into the rocks and explained his folly and the damage to his ship by saying trolls attacked him. Two alternate explanations in which a man killed the trolls after they kidnapped and murdered his wife, and the third is that they were trying to pull Iceland to join the Faroe Islands, apparently due to very similar formations there!

The easiest way to see the stacks is from the shore at Reynisfjara, but if you're fit, a road to the west of Vik allows you to walk up to the cliffs. This is also a great place to see puffins during their May to August breeding season. They have very little fear of people, and you can get pretty close to them. (Don't touch, though; those beaks could give you a nasty bite). Seabirds also nest on the stacks, so take a pair of binoculars.

The area is also famous for the Reynisfjara Black Beach. Walking along the beach is beautiful but also very dangerous. Bathing and swimming are prohibited; sneaky waves can come ashore without warning and sweep you off your feet. Follow the safety signs and stay on the backshore if possible. The view isn't worth unnecessary risk!

Hvitserkur Cliff

Trolls A Guide to Spotting Them in the Land of Fire and Ice (2)This bizarre three-legged formation has been compared to an elephant, a rhino, or a dinosaur.

This is another beautiful basalt sea stack. It's in northwestern Iceland, not far from the ring road, so it is another potential stop on that classic route. This bizarre three-legged formation has been compared to an elephant, a rhino, or a dinosaur. It's also crawling with fulmar in the summer. The name "White Shirt" comes from the large amount of guano on it.

So, what was this troll doing when the sun caught him? Threatening to tear down the bell tower at a nearby convent because trolls, not being Christian, don't like church bells.

In addition to the formation itself, this is a great place to see seals. Swing by the Icelandic Seal Center in the nearby town of Hvammstangi to find out information and book a boat tour to the colony. Both of these things are well worth doing on your self-driving tour of the Icelandic Ring Road.


This pair of basalt towers on a cliff is in Western Iceland. You can access them from the visitors' center, or they are fantastic to view from the sea. Lóndrangar is a good distance away from any town, so your best option is a self-driving tour. The nearest town is the fishing village of Hellnar, which has a hotel and a magnificent cave. The area is a two to three-hour drive from Reykjavik.

The two pillars are said to be a troll and a skessa who were so deeply in love they lost track of time, and the sun came up, petrifying them as they stood staring into each other's eyes. Trolls losing track of time is a major theme in troll legends! Although I suspect the message of this one is to pay attention to things other than your lover every now and then.

A 1.6-mile walking trail from the visitors center will get you close to the towers and give you an opportunity for some great pictures. However, be careful to stay back from the edge of the cliffs, as they can be treacherous.

Drangey Island

Trolls A Guide to Spotting Them in the Land of Fire and Ice (3)Apparently troll cows also get turned into stone

To get to Drangey Island, you will need to get on a boat. The rock fort-shaped island is off the northern coast of Iceland and is a haven for puffins and other sea birds. You can take a boat tour from Skagafjordur, a wonderful little coastal town. The tours land on the island and include a hike to the top with plenty of opportunities to see birds.

Drangey Island, at one point, had a pillar to the north and one to the south. Only the one to the south remains; she is supposedly a skessa. The one to the north was believed to be her husband. For once, these trolls were not engaged in nefarious activities when the sun caught them. They were taking their cow to be serviced by another troll's bull. Troll cows also turn to stone when touched by the sun. The cow is the entire island!


Kerlingarskarð means "Old woman pass." The rock at the top of the pass is supposedly a skessa heading to meet up with her boyfriend and, like so many unfortunate trolls, forgot the time. In this case, the sun awaited her on the other side. In another version, she was fishing in Baulárvallarvatn, stayed late because the fish were biting, and vanished. The shape of the rock looks like a trout slung over her shoulder.

Actually, getting there is a challenge. The pass is no longer open to traffic, and what remains of the road is in poor condition. It's possible to drive up far enough to see the rock, but don't go further.

Stóri Karl Cliff

Stóri Karl means "big man." It's another of those basalt sea stacks. The reason to come here is not because of the troll legend but because it is one of only a few places you can see nesting northern gannets. It's Iceland's second largest gannet colony, and these huge birds are well worth tracking down. A viewing platform has been built where you can watch the birds from above. You may want to bring binoculars or a long lens to get the best view.

How this particular troll got turned to stone is unclear, but the name makes the origin quite obvious.

Kerling Cliff

There's a legend that the trolls in the Westfjords wanted to turn it into an island. This appears to date from the Christianization of Iceland and, perhaps, indicates that Christianity took longer to reach that part. Perhaps the people living there wanted to be trolls and turn it into an island at one point. Three trolls tried to dig a ditch, making the fjords deeper, but then failed to find shelter before daylight. Supposedly, the skessa that turned into stone at Kerling Cliff used what strength she had left as the sun rose to create the island of Grimsey.

The other two trolls made a variety of islands on the other side, but needless to say, they couldn't dig all the way through.

Keep your eyes and ears open, and you may well find out about more stone trolls. Iceland has a lot of basalt pillars that often look like petrified humanoids or animals.

Karl og Kerling

These two pillars are also supposedly a troll couple, although instead of being too much in love to notice the sun, they were too busy arguing. It's probably a lesson for married people in this one. Across the river is a large cave that was supposed to be their home.

You can find the quarreling couple in northern Iceland north of the ring road in Jökulsárglúfur canyon. You have to be fit, though. It's about a two-mile hike from the nearest parking lot, near the Vesturdalur camp. Of course, this does mean fewer people get to see it.

Trolls in the Name

Because trolls are so plentiful in Icelandic culture, there's also a variety of places that have troll or skessa in the name. These include:

The Tröllaskagi Peninsular

This is one of the central finger-like peninsulas that extends from northern Iceland, surrounded by deep fjords. It's also called just the Troll Peninsular. It's likely because it's extremely mountainous, and people figured it was a good place for trolls to live. International travelers often miss it, so it's quiet as well as dramatic. You need to allow an extra half day at least, if not a full day, onto a ring road trip.


This means Troll Woman Wall. Because it supposedly marked the border between troll territories. When two troll women met, they started arguing about the precise borders. They agreed they each owned half the land.

They settled it by walking towards each other and building a border wall where they met. (They managed this without being turned to stone). Skessugarður is actually a glacial moraine line, but you can see why people might have thought it was a troll-sized version of a wall you might put up to keep your sheep from wandering onto your neighbor's land.


Trölladyngja is the biggest of Iceland's shield volcanoes and reaches a height of almost 5,000 feet, towering above surrounding desert and lava fields. Thankfully, it does not appear to be in danger of erupting. The name translates to either the Troll's Dunghill or, more likely, the Troll's Bower. Trolls were seen as liking to live on mountains.

Skessuhorn Mountain

Skessuhorn is sometimes called the Matterhorn of Iceland. It's a very triangular mountain. It's named after the legend that a female troll once used it as a place to sit to watch for prey. It's not climbable except by experts, but it's incredibly pretty from the right angle.

Tröllakrókar Canyon

This is a spectacular canyon full of hoodoos built by the wind. The name means "Cliffs of the Trolls," and supposedly, those hoodoos are the remains of...trolls who partied all night and lost track of time. You must be a fit hiker to visit or take a jeep tour, but it's worth the extra trip.


This waterfall is called the Troll's or Giantess' Run, supposedly because the waterfall was created when a troll put troll-sized stepping stones in the river. They do kind of look like that, too. As Icelandic waterfalls go, it's fairly shallow, but it's such a cool story.

Trolls A Guide to Spotting Them in the Land of Fire and Ice (4)Tröllið or the Troll in Hljóðaklettar rock formations

Many other places in Iceland are associated with the trolls and their legend. For example, the tide pool at Brimketill is supposedly a spa used by a giantess named Oddny. And Naustahvilt, a bowl-like depression above Ísafjörður is also called the troll seat because a troll apparently rested there after running quickly not to get caught by the sun. We did mention that trolls were not seen as all that smart.

If these places fascinate you, we can help you design a personalized itinerary for your self-driving tour that includes the things you most want to see, whether gannets or taking a hiking tour to Tröllakrókar. Contact to find out more and let us help you with your dream troll hunting trip in Iceland.

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Trolls A Guide to Spotting Them in the Land of Fire and Ice (2024)


Trolls A Guide to Spotting Them in the Land of Fire and Ice? ›

Icelandic trolls also don't typically live under bridges. Trolls are sometimes, but not always, conflated with giants. Trolls are basically large, dumb, and often angry beings that live in mountain caves and will do you a lot of harm if you annoy them. They can cast spells, and they are fond of eating human flesh.

What is the folklore of trolls in Iceland? ›

They're traditionally said to reside in the rocky highlands of Iceland, and according to legend, they turn to stone when sunlight strikes them. These stories are vividly brought to life in various natural formations across the island, appearing as petrified trolls under the sun's rays.

Why is Iceland known as the land of fire and ice? ›

So, in a nutshell, the reason why Iceland gets the nickname of 'the land of fire and ice' is simply down to the volcanic and glacial terrains that continue to shape Iceland's nature as well as heavily influencing Iceland's culture.

Where can I see trolls in Iceland? ›

Located close to the village of Vik, you can visit the Reynisdrangar rock formation, which is believed to be two trolls who were turned into stone after being caught out by the sun. For more troll inspired sites, head to Troll Woman's Peak in West Iceland, and Troll's Pass in the north.

What country is called the land of fire and ice? ›

Widely known as "the land of fire and ice," Iceland is home to some of the largest glaciers in Europe and some of the world's most active volcanoes.

What kills trolls in mythology? ›

Trolls are repelled by lightning, which kills them instantly. Likely the reason is their run-ins with Thor, who is said to have hunted trolls across the land. Some legends certify that trolls turn to stone when exposed to sunlight.

What are the six tribes of trolls? ›

There are, in fact, six Troll tribes — Pop, Funk, Country, Techno, Classical and Rock — that do not overlap (apart from Cooper, a Funk Troll raised by Pop Trolls). The Country Trolls — fronted by Delta Dawn, voiced by an almost embarrassingly good Kelly Clarkson — are robust and protectionist, just like in real life.

What language do they speak in Iceland? ›

The official language of Iceland is Icelandic, a North Germanic language similar to Old Norse. It has changed little since Iceland's settlement period. For this reason, the words and pronunciation can seem quite challenging for visitors.

Why did Iceland change its name? ›

When these first settlers saw the island's beautiful green landscape, they wanted it all for themselves. To keep other settlers away, they called the island “Iceland,” because who in their right mind would want to go to a land of ice?

What is a female troll called? ›

Some troll stories, however, have trolls who are kind and wise, and doing a good deed for a troll may well earn you a fortune. A female troll is called a skessa.

What country is famous for trolls? ›

Trolls can be found all over Norway. Mysterious rock formations and mountains with troll-like-shapes have mesmerized people all over Norway for thousands of years. Get to know them a little bit better!

What's the difference between elves and trolls? ›

Where elves are described and drawn as beautiful beings who emits a low light from them, trolls are often pictured as a lot less picturesque and appealing in physical terms. But they share the same temper as that of the elves and can cause serious damage to the ones who threaten them, their fellows, or their homes.

What is the nickname of Land of Fire and ice? ›

Iceland, with its glaciers and volcanoes, is accurately nicknamed the “Land of Fire and Ice.” The maps of Iceland featured in this post are dated from the 16th to the 20th centuries.

Which country is full of ice? ›

The total area of Greenland is 2.16 million square kilometres (836,330 square miles), including other offshore islands. Almost 80 percent of the land mass is covered by an ice cap.

What is the nickname of Iceland? ›

Iceland is often nicknamed the land of ice and fire. The ice stands for the glaciers and the fire for the volcanoes.

What is the mythology behind trolls? ›

They have roots in Norse mythology and are featured heavily in the fairy tales of Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland and Iceland. The word 'troll' likely originated from the Norwegian words for witches and witchcraft, which were trollfolk and trolldom, respectively.

What is the Icelandic folklore creature? ›

Trolls, dwarves, Nykur (a water horse), and the Lagarfljót Worm, which is considered the country's “very own Loch Ness Monster” are all a part of the local lexicon.

What is the Icelandic Changeling folklore? ›

Members of Iceland's huldufólk community, they said, steal children and replace them with near identical versions called changelings. Sometimes, they can be evil beings, capable of kidnap or worse.

What is the mean troll witch in Iceland? ›

Grýla, also known as Iceland's Christmas witch, comes down from the mountains in search of naughty children. As legend has it, she likes to eat humans (children especially) and boil them into soup.

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